AEGADIAN AND PELAGIE ISLANDS
The Egadi Islands are formed by an archipelago of three islands to the west of Sicily, including Favignana, Levanzo and Marettimo. The Pelagie islands are located in the south of Sicily, closer to Tunisia than Italy and include Lampedusa, Linosa and Lampione.
It is the largest of the Aegadian and owes its name to the wind Favonio. Its shape is reminiscent of a butterfly with its wings spread out, consisting of the two plains, one in the west called Bosco and the other to the east called la Piana. The island is famous for tuna fishing: every year in the period from April to July the tradition of the Tonnara and the Mattanza is renewed. The only inhabited center, which rises in an inlet called Cala Principale, extended from Punta Faraglione to Punta S. Nicola, is also the port, well sheltered from the winds of the II and III quadrant but exposed to the winds from the north. The cobbled streets, the picturesque Piazza della Madrice with its cafés and the charm of the old port make Favignana a delightful stopover.
It is the smallest of the three Aegadian islands, the one with the lowest number of inhabitants and with the almost total lack of vehicles. Definitely worth visiting the Grotta del Genovese, where there are traces of the first human settlements in the Aegadian islands. The population is condensed in a very pretty village that rises on the southern coast of the island, in an inlet called Cala Dogana. This port, the only point of disembarkation is unforgettable, but sheltered only with winds between the west and north.
Known as the "Black Pearl of the Mediterranean" for its lava rocks, the island is located 35 mg north of Palermo. With volcanic origin, it is the emerging tip of an underwater volcano. From its complex geological events depend the beauty of the coasts and the seabed. Every corner of the island reveals unique landscapes of extraordinary charm and naturalistic interest. Santa Maria, main town of Ustica, is the only center of the island with just over a thousand inhabitants, the natural harbor is protected by a quay docked inside.
It is the southernmost point of Italy, with a completely African look. Suggestive points of the island: Cala Pulcino, Cala Gatugia, and Cala Galera are a must-see for those who want to swim in a sea that will not forget. The landscape seen from the ground and not to be missed, the houses have the same structure as the Maghreb houses, while the scarce vegetation is reminiscent of the pre-desert steppe. The Spiaggia dei Conigli (Beach of the Rabbits), with its white sand and water with shades of blue and green, is unique in the world. The port (Cala Salina) is a large natural inlet partly quayside.
A volcanic island that rises from the abyss, the sea which surrounds it, appropriates of all the nuances and shades of blue, from the lighter and crystalline shades and the most intense and deep ones. Black for the color of the lava stone is very rich in vegetation, the most famous cultivation is the Zibibbo grapes from which the prized Moscato Passito is extracted. On the island there are a total of six landings: the main one is Pantelleria Paese; then there are Scauri, Porto Dietro island, Cala di Levante, Cala di Tramontana and Campobello. Rich of thermal springs that gush out with temperatures that can reach 70° C, also characteristic gardens surrounded by walls to protect them from the winds that sometimes blow impetuous, and the Mirror of Venus, a pond of about 500 m in diameter fed by underground springs.
The scenario that appears is the one of a fairytale country, the lava has literally built the island and its beaches, including rocks, stacks, coves and overhangs, the sea takes on all the shades of blue in outline of an equally suggestive nature. The only road that runs through the island between colorful houses is dotted with palm trees and bougainvillea, but there are few shops where you can find primarly needs.