SARDINIA AND CORSICA
Sardinia, formerly called Sandaliotis (name of Greek origin, its shape is reminiscent of the footprint), is one of the oldest lands in the western basin and is believed to have been formed by the fusion of fragments of an ancient continent.
It is the largest by extension, mostly flat. Along the southern coast lies the town of La Maddalena, bordered to the west by the promontory of Punta Tegge and to the east by the wide Cala Camicia and Punta Moneta, about five hundred meters away, to the front, there's the island of Santo Stefano. The natural environment has remained wild and its shores hide small beaches overlooking a fabulous sea.
Although it is inferior in extension to La Maddalena, it has a coastal development of more than 45.5 km, due to the formation of the long and narrow granite promontory that extends to Punta Rossa, home to a base of the Navy since 1887. The extreme southern coast of Caprera is a zone of accentuated weakness and morphological instability; a profound ingression of the sea forms the marvelous Porto Palma. The entire eastern and northern coast of Caprera are impressive granite cliffs almost inaccessible, of great beauty and charm, formed by the steepest slope of the long massif of Monte Teialone.
The Asinara Island, located in the north-west of Sardinia has a land extension of about 5,200 ha. It boasts a marine surface of 21,000 ha, and a coastline of 110 km. Owned by the State, it falls entirely within the territory of the municipality of Porto Torres. It has a length of 17,5 Km, a maximum width of 6,14 Km. The western part is characterized by high schist cliffs, steep rocky slopes with many landslides rich in ravines, canyons and cracks, while the eastern part is composed of large inlets and small beaches with coarse sands, typical of granitic morphology in rias predominantly with large rocky outcrops. Famous for its unique landscape and for the beauty of the environment, but also and especially for the wealth of wildlife, there are many species on the island, some very rare and endangered.
The south of Corsica is separated from Sardinia by the legendary Bocche di Bonifacio, a strait of just a few miles. The coast, together with the turquoise and transparent sea, the immense granite peaks, the vast forests, the plateaus and the calcareous slopes, form one of the most amazing regions of the island. Bonifacio marks the southern end of Corsica, it is a Mediterranean city located in a winding area, with its ancient districts on top of the white cliffs overlooking the sea and the "porto a calanco" - a deep inlet limited by steep rocky walls - that almost separates it from the mainland. Bonifacio is a tourist center popular among the most demanding visitors of the island. Portovecchio, an ancient Genoese citadel located near famous beaches and some smaller islets such as Lavezzi and Cavallo.